2 Last week, every night to read a little, finished the teacher Xu Yuan's book, feel too good!
From industrialization to urbanization
- The rural hometown has already become the hometown, can not go back
Convinced me, so to speak, and changed my perception of the country and the city.
Let me from time to time out of the Hunan mountains to reluctantly drop the temperature.
Now, almost give up at every turn to rush out of the "return home to do ecological agriculture" idea.
Temporarily put aside the rural revitalization, embrace the city calmly, enjoy the dividends of urbanization process, enjoy the various conveniences of the city.
Also, dilute the thick homesickness, because, from the moment we go to the city, we have become our hometown, almost leaving only memories, but also can only aftertaste, a little more, that is, often go back to see, at most, is like a vacation, in the crisp autumn season, go back to stay for a few days, that is also a vacation, we can not live there, you think carefully, Isn't it?
- The direction of social development is to move towards cities
(1) Looking back, it is migrant workers who go to cities
In retrospect of China's development in the past 40 to 50 years, the first reason is that the household contract responsibility system has helped farmers to feed themselves.
Then, there are some farmers freed from the land, there are surplus labor, the land can not use so many people, what do they do?
At the beginning, there were various restrictions on migrant workers entering the city. I still remember when I was young (in 1990), my family spent thousands of yuan to get me an urban hukou. Someone, as a result, set up a lot of township enterprises, remember our town that prosperous Changsha pump parts factory, the next town of steel ball factory, when I went to junior high school (2000 or so), that is called a hot ah.
But now, when I went back on October 11th this year, I found that they were all dead, and the rest were almost dead. After reading this book, I know why they are not working now, because, on the one hand, many people have gone to the city, the city is high wages, on the other hand, the city is more convenient, the material transportation cost is low, the information communication is more convenient, the capital density is higher, on the other hand, we are now in a structural transformation, the second industry to the third industry transformation, industry to service industry transformation. Then we need to eliminate backward industrial capacity. If we think about the enterprises in our towns that have not changed their technology for 20 years, it is normal for them to be eliminated.
At the back, an old man, drawing a circle in the east, began to open the way for the peasants to enter the city. We are next to Guangdong, a lot of people go to Guangdong to work, I still remember when I was a child, some adults in Guangzhou pick up garbage, picked up TV and toys are very rare. A lot of people. They're all rich now, big boss.
Those were our fathers.
In our generation, some of them go to college and then stay in the city after graduation. For example, some of them, like me, enter the enterprise, work, get married and have children, and start the city life. The children also become the city kids who don't know grain, which we joke about when we were young.
For example, I have several junior high school classmates, now in Guangzhou, from workers to supervisors, with their wives and children. Although they did not buy a house in Guangzhou, they also bought a house in their hometown county.
Everyone's doing well, better than their parents, and that's a bonus.
(2) Looking forward, it is further urbanization
The good thing about the stage we are in now (as a developing country) is that you can look at developed countries when you don't know what the future holds.
So what about the future of cities?
If we look at some of the world's largest cities, cities with tens of millions of people, New York, Hong Kong, it shows that cities can be denser. Dense also means more efficient, because even if there is Meituan delivery, the delivery has a certain delivery range, and the heat preservation and delivery time are limited. In an office building, upstairs and downstairs, isn't it more convenient?
Now, a lot of work is brain work, do not need a large factory, and in the future, this trend will be more obvious, let's programming, let's design, we want to get together, convenient communication ah! For example, if I enroll my child in a cram school, I definitely don't want to send it to a place too far away. My transfer cost is too high, and it is also a waste of my child's time. If I want to send it to a place far away, how much better the far place is than the near place? Right?
- In the future, counties will be removed to build large cities and the management radius will be expanded. Villages were gradually merged and the population moved to towns and townships, which were managed by municipal agencies
The current five-level system (central - province - city - county - town) will be gradually upgraded to a three-level system (central - province - city) in the future. The current counties will become huge and become cities or county-level cities, which will be managed by the city as the unit radiating out. The towns will become the city's dispatch agencies, just like the current police stations in towns and cities, and our villages will gradually die out. In fact, statistics show that the number of villages is decreasing every year.
This reminds me of my parents' introduction that our village is merged with the next village, and our stone group is also combined with the next big official hall. Originally, this is the small variable.
As for why the countryside is dying, it is not economical. Housing scattered, like our hometown, are you one of my one, especially in the last two years, in the outside of the money are back to build villas, a well, the construction of a septic tank, are thinking of independence, convenient. All year round, no one lives there, the doors are locked, or people in their 60s and 70s keep watch. Only wait until the Spring Festival, have gone back, and then the light bulb brightness is not enough, the air conditioning can not take up, and even forced the village variable pressure room trip phenomenon.
Why? Because the load is too big to carry!
Are the city to earn money to go home for the New Year, cruel whole ah! On the New Year's Day fireworks, every household can put thousands of dollars! It was very smoky. The used diapers and other garbage thrown on the roadside, the point of the fire, all kinds of have, fortunately is the Chinese New Year that short half a month or so, a long time, the countryside can stand? How much money has been spent on infrastructure to provide the village with electricity, communications, garbage collection and other services? Not a good deal!
If you want to enjoy the farmhouse, then the farmhouse also has to be run by a professional household. Otherwise, it's not sustainable.
Author: Qing Tuo
Source: Simple Book
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